In April of 2011, the California Legislature and Governor Brown passed sweeping public safety legislation (AB 109) that effectively shifted responsibility for certain populations of offenders from the state to the counties. AB 109 established the California Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011 which allows for current non-violent, non-serious, and non-sex offenders, who after they are released from California State prison, are to be supervised at the local county level (probation). Instead of reporting to state parole officers, these offenders are to report to local county probation officers.
AB 109 is fashioned to meet the U.S. Supreme Court Order to reduce the prison population of the state's 33 prisons. The law, effective October 1, 2011 also mandates that offenders sentenced to non-serious, non-violent or non-sex offenses will serve their sentences in county jails instead of state prisons.